The LCIA operates under a three-tier structure, comprising the Company, the Arbitration Court and the Secretariat.
The Director General of the LCIA fulfils the role of chief executive officer, with day-to-day responsibility of the conduct of the business of the LCIA, and is the principal point of contact between the institution and its Board and Court.
The LCIA is a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee. The LCIA Board, made up largely of prominent London-based arbitration practitioners, is principally concerned with the operation and development of the LCIA's business and with its compliance with applicable company law.
The Board does not have an active role in case administration, though it does maintain a close interest in the LCIA's administrative function, particularly through the Arbitration Court, whose members it appoints.
The Arbitration Court
The LCIA Court is made up of up to thirty five members, selected to provide and maintain a balance of leading practitioners in commercial arbitration, from the major trading areas of the world and of whom no more than six may be of UK nationality. In addition, former presidents are invited to become Honorary Vice Presidents, for so long as they may wish to remain in that role, and overseas bodies associated with the LCIA may be invited to nominate special delegates to the Court.
The LCIA Court is the final authority for the proper application of the LCIA rules. Its principal functions are the appointment of tribunals, the determination of challenges to arbitrators, and the control of costs. The functions of the LCIA Court are performed, in the name of the LCIA Court, by the President, by a Vice President or by a Division of the LCIA Court of three or five members, of whom one will be the President or a Vice President, or in the case of administrative functions, by the Registrar or Deputy Registrar.
Headed by the Registrar, the casework Secretariat is based at the International Dispute Resolution Centre in London and is responsible for the day-to-day administration of all disputes referred to the LCIA.
LCIA case administration is highly flexible. All cases are allocated dedicated soft and hard copy files and account ledgers. Every case is monitored, but the level of administrative support adapts to the needs and wishes of the parties and the tribunal, and to the circumstances of each case.
The LCIA's administrative services are not confined to the conduct of arbitration and of a wide range of other ADR procedures under its own rules. It also acts as administrator in UNCITRAL-rules cases, and not merely as appointing authority, and provides a fundholding facility in otherwise ad hoc proceedings.